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How exactly to search for documents of. Uk gallantry that is military

How exactly to search for documents of. Uk gallantry that is military

How do I see the records covered in this guide?

Just how many are online?

1. Why utilize this guide?

You want to find out whether a record of the award and why it was awarded exist, this guide will be of use if you know of an individual who received a British military medal or award for an act of bravery, gallantry or for meritorious service between 1854 and c1990 and. On the list of medals that are numerous prizes included in the guide would be the:

For suggestions about civilian gallantry honors consult our Civilian gallantry medals guide. You can find separate documents when it comes to prize of campaign medals (granted solely for service) – see our Uk Army campaign and solution medals guide for suggestions about finding these.

2. The records of gallantry medals and honors

2.1 Public announcements

Just about all gallantry honors to Uk nationals are publicly established when you look at the formal federal government magazine, the London Gazette. This general public statement is usually the only record that endures of a prize. Announcements additionally showed up, where appropriate, within the dominion or colonial gazettes.

2.2 tips and citations

A suggestion is really a complete declaration, frequently furnished by a commanding officer, of why a medal must be granted to someone.

A citation is a quick statement that is official extracted from the suggestion, of why a medal had been granted.

Whether accurate documentation of the citation or a suggestion survives depends, mostly, in the sort of prize. Sometimes citations are posted within the London Gazette not constantly during the date that is same the statement. A citation or suggestion may survive in the sometimes solution record associated with the person.

2.3 Registers

For many medals you can find registers and listings of recipients covering a particular war, 12 months or selection of years.

3. How to locate documents

Learn where you can seek out records of the specific medal by consulting the dining table below. Listed here general advice will additionally help you to get started:

3.1 on the web records

In some instances, to see documents you will have to find document recommendations and either purchase copies or check us out to look at the initial papers in individual. The next documents, nevertheless, can be seen or online that is downloaded.

3.2 fundamental search methods for finding documents that are original

You can make use of our catalogue to search for records. Re Search because of the title of the medal utilizing the search that is advanced target the documents of this particular record divisions for every single branch associated with the armed forces, the following.

3.3 Public notices and posted citations

More often than not, the most readily useful spot to start out could be the London Gazette, available in the Gazette website, though for a lot of medals a citation had not been posted (begin to see the table below for medal-by-medal details). You’ll search the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book type and date of prize. You shall need to find out approximately once the honor ended up being announced or ‘gazetted’. There clearly was constantly a wait amongst the gallant deed, the award that is actual of medal, and book when you look at the London Gazette. The Gazette indexes offered at The National Archives can help establish a romantic date.

3.4 guidelines, registers and citations that are unpublished

Check posted sources, like those within the further reading part of this guide, as they may provide exact document references and additional information before you start a search for records of recommendations or citations. The table below provides links towards the record series many very likely to include information about specific honors.

3.5 Table of record sources for gallantry medals

Go through the London Gazette links to look the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book date and kind of award. Go through the document show sources and search by title of medal. The records that are online be searched by title of receiver.

Footnotes: (1) guidelines in AIR 2 are arranged by old Air Ministry file guide quantity, perhaps perhaps not title. Contact the Ministry of Defence whom could possibly give you the file guide.

Keep in mind medals released because of the British Army are not granted solely to British Army soldiers – they are often granted to workers from the other armed solutions too. Some members of the Royal Air Force received British Army awards during the Second World War, for example. Similar will additionally apply to the Royal Navy and RAF, to ensure that, for instance, amount of airmen for the Fleet Air Arm, a branch for the Royal Navy, received RAF prizes.

4. International honors to Britons and British honors to servicemen that are foreign ladies (from 1854)

4.1 Notices

These prizes are usually established within the London Gazette beneath the heading ‘Foreign Orders’.

For draft variations of London Gazette notices 1914-1928 browse WO 388 by guide. Many of these announcements that are pre-publication annotated. The papers in this show (WO 388) are arranged by nation. WO 388/6 to 15, including indexes in WO 388/8 to 15, can be obtained to download online (you can install the indexes totally free).

4.2 Suggestions

Military honors exchanged between Uk and foreign armies from 1946 onwards are searchable by name and prize within the suggestions (WO 373) on line. These could add those perhaps maybe not showing up within the London Gazette.

4.3 Listings

Some lists can be found by you of Foreign honors within FO 83 (before 1906) and FO 372 (after 1906). Place files containing these listings with the Foreign Office communication indexes during the National Archives. It really is believed why these listings aren’t comprehensive.

5. Laws and policy files (from 1854)

As a whole, you are able to search our catalogue by the name that is medal its abbreviation to see if you can find any policy files. There are lots of particular series which document the regulations regulating the prize of medals.

For policy files on medals, see series ADM 1 rule 85, ADM 116 rule 85, AIR 1, AIR 2, HO 45 rule 30, MT 9 rule 6, T 300 and T 333 and WO 32 rule 50.

6. The manufacture and design of medals (1805-1986)

Sales for gallantry medals (especially within the century that is 19th could be followed by information on recipients and of the action that resulted in the prize. Take to show MINT 16, MINT 20, MINT 24 and MINT 25. Re Search our catalogue with key phrases such as for instance ‘awards’ or ‘decorations’.

7. Replacing and claiming medals

Contact the Ministry of Defence for campaign as well as other medals given after 1939. Medals given before 1939 can not any longer be changed.

8. Further reading and other resources

Online learning resources


The Ministry of Defence’s Uk armed forces medals booklet, available from GOV.UK. Listings the medals awarded for service within the british forces that are armed followed closely by a picture for every single medal.

Listings of Victoria Cross recipients announced into the Gazette for the World that is first War 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 and 1919.


Look at the National Archives’ bookshop for a selection of available publications about british gallantry that is military. All the publications here are obtainable in The nationwide Archives’ Library for assessment at our building in Kew.

Peter Edwards Abbott and John Michael Allen Tamplin, British Gallantry Awards (London, 1981)

Michael Maton, Honour The Recipents of international prizes (Honiton: Token Publishing 2013)

William Spencer, Army Records for Family Historians (3nd edn, The nationwide Archives, 2008)


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